All Bahai Writings now on one page


Introduction to Reform Bahai Faith, A Talk Presented to the Troy Interfaith Group
YouTube, 26 minutes


Attend a Fireside





Site map



Selections from the Writings of Baha’u’llah

Prayers of Baha'u'llah

Spirit of the Age

Hidden Words, From the Arabic of Baha’u’llah

Seven Valleys Translator, Julie Chanler. PDF

Seven Valleys Translator, Ali Kuli Khan PDF

Book of Ighan PDF

Compilation of the Holy Utterances PDF

Tablet of Tarazat PDF

Epistle to the Son of the Wolf

Tablet of the Holy Mariner Translator, Juan Cole



Abdul-Baha's Authentic 1912 Covenant

Some Vital Bahai Principles

Selections from the Writings of Abdul-Baha

Prayers of Abdul-Baha

Spirit of the Age

At the Friends’ Meeting House

House of Worship

Abdu'l-Baha's "Treatise on Leadership" (on the separation of church and state)

Abdul-Baha on Marriage and Children

Some Answered Questions PDF

Tablets of Abdul-Baha, Vol I PDF or epub

Tablets of Abdul-Baha, Vol II PDF or epub

Tablets of Abdul-Baha, Vol III PDF or epub

The Promulgation of Universal Peace PDF

The Mysterious Forces of Civilization PDF

Remarks of Abdul-Baha (at the Free Religious Association, circa 1911)

Bahai Economic Principles


Early Bahai Sources

Bahai Teaching 1918. Contains Abdul-Baha's 1912 Address Upon the Covenant, which has been suppressed by most other Bahai denominations.

Star of the West, Vol 3 1912 to 1913 Contains Abdul-Baha's 1912 Address Upon the Covenant.

Star of the West, Vol 11 1920 to 1921 Contains Abdul-Baha's 1912 Address Upon the Covenant.

Dr. C. (Charles) Ainsworth Mitchell. Report on the Writing Shown on the Photographs of the Alleged Will of Abdul-Baha. 1930. Certified Copy from the Library of Congress.


Secondary Works by Early Reform Bahais

Jenabe Fazel Mazandarani. Several articles on spiritual universality. Author of multi-volume study of Babi and Bahai: History of the Manifestation of Truth (Tarikh-i Zuhur al-Haqq). Nine Volumes. Written in Farsi. Jenabe Fazel's work was suppressed after the 3rd volume for presenting an independent, scholarly understanding of Babi and Bahai history. See his translated talks to American Bahais during the early 1920s.

Ayati, Husayn "Avarih." Of special importance since he was the target of Bahai takfir, "shunned," by at least one Bahai denomination. Kashf al-Hiyal. Volume 1. Volume 2. Volume 3.Tehran: Kitabfurushi-yi `Ilmi, 1326/1947.

Ayati, Husayn "Avarih." al-Kawakib ad-Durriyyah [Brilliant Stars]. Volume 1. Volume 2.(Cairo: Matba`at as-Sa`adah, 1923-1924).

Ruth White. Ruth White Collection, Library of Congress, 1930. Regarding the fraudulent will and testament of 1921.

Ruth White, Appendix "Is the Bahai Organization the Enemy of the Bahai Religion?"1929. (An Appendix to her early work Abdul-Baha and the Promised Age. J. J. Little and Ives Company, 1927. 224 pages.)

Ruth White Collection, Library of Congress, 1930

Ruth White, Bahai Leads Out of the Labyrinth. Universal Publishing Company, 1944. 259 pages. (pages 257, 258, 259 restored)

Ruth White. Abdul Baha's Questioned Will and Testament. Beverly Hills: White, 1946.  Essential to understand what transpired in 1921.

Dr. C. (Charles) Ainsworth Mitchell - Certified Copy from the Library of Congress:

Julie Chanler. From Gaslight to Dawn: An Autobiography. The New History Foundation, 1956.

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. Broken Silence. The Story of Today's Struggle for Religious Freedom. New York: Universal Publishing, 1942. Entire Book PDF Essential reading for anyone who wishes to begin to understand Bahai history.

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. Abdul Baha in Egypt. New York: J. H. Sears & Co. for The New History Foundation, 1929.

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. I Heard Him Say. Words of Abdul Baha as Recorded by his Secretary. New York: The New History Foundation, 1937. Entire Book PDF

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. The Will and Testament of Abdul Baha, An Analysis. New York: Universal Publishing, 1944.

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. The Story of the Divine Plan. Taking Place during, and immediately following World War I. New York: The New History Foundation, 1947. Digitally republished, East Lansing, Mi.: H-Bahai, 2004.

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. My Bahai Pilgrimage. Autobiography from Childhood to Middle Age. New York: New History Foundation, 1959.

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab also published a very popular Bible of Mankind in 1939, which includes excerpts from all of the major world religions, and a number of other books.

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab. Abdul Baha's Grandson: Story of a Twentieth Century Excommunication. New York: Universal Publishing for The New History Foundation, 1943. Reprinted. H-Bahai: Lansing, Michigan, 2004. - Or here
"Those who have studied the talks and writings of Ruhi Effendi can see very clearly that this material could not have been pleasing to the administration, for it contained an inherent liberality and tolerance which did not fit into a totalitarian pattern... He seemed to be of the old order of Abdul-Baha, which is synonymous with being of the new order of a world society; and he constituted a threat to the system which had chosen to forget the universality in the Cause" (169). Abdul Baha's Grandson should be read prior to Ruhi Afnan's book on mysticism and other works.

Ruhi Muhsen Afnan. Mysticism and the Baha'i Revelation: a Contrast. New York, 1934. ePub Notable for the clarity in which the universality of mysticism is coopted by power politics, a flaw his extended essay shares. Otherwise, a balanced, down-to-earth understanding of mysticism, though not fully informed by Baha'u'llah's writings (80): Mysticism...

Ruhi M. Afnan. The Great Prophets: Moses, Zoroaster, Jesus [excerpts]. Philosophical Library. New York, 1960. 457 pages. Argues for universality but fails to achieve it, remaining ultimately bound to exclusivism.

Ruhi M. Afnan. Zoroaster's Influence on Greek Thought. Philosophical Library. New York, 1965. 436 pages.

Ruhi M. Afnan. Zoroaster's Influence on Anaxagoras, the Greek Tragedians, and Socrates. Philosophical Library. New York, 1969. 161 pages.

Ruhi M. Afnan. The Revelation of Baha'u'llah and the Bab. Book I. Descartes' Theory of Knowledge. Philosophical Library. New York, 1970. 222 pages. Both volumes are uniformed, as are Afnan's other books, particularly ironic in his case, by the implications of the fraudulent document of 1921.

Ruhi M. Afnan. Baha'u'llah and the Bab Confront Modern Thinkers. Book II. Spinoza: Concerning God. Philosophical Library. New York, 1969. 172 pages.

The World of Abdul Baha, Mary Hanford Ford

Francis Henry Skrine, Bahaism: The Religion of Brotherhood, and its place in the evolution of creeds 1912. PDF

Hermann Zimmer, A Fraudulent Testament: Devalues the Bahai Religion Into Political Shoghism. 1973. PDF


Other Scholars and here

Denis Martin MacEoin, From Shaykhism to Babism: A Study in Charismatic Renewal in Shi'i Islam. 1979 dissertation. A scholar of outstanding intellectual integrity, perhaps the most independent, modern view of Babi and Bahai history.

Denis Martin MacEoin, From Babism to Baha'ism: Problems of Militancy, Quietism, and Conflation in the Construction of a Religion. Religion Vol. 13 (1983): 219-55.

Abbas Amanat, Resurrection and Renewal: The Making of the Babi Movement in Iran, 1844-1850. Cornell University Press, 1989. The first work in English that presents Babi and Bahai history in objectively modern terms.

Hippolyte Dreyfus, The Universal Religion: Bahaism, It's Rise and Social Import. 1909.

Edward Granville Browne. Materials for the Study of the Babi Religion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1919. Browne's work is especially important for preserving the historical record.

Edward Granville Browne, trans. The Tarikh-i-Jadid, or New History of Mirza 'Ali Muhammad The Bab. By Mirza Huseyn Hamadani. Translated by Edward G. Browne. Cambridge: University Press, 1893.

Edward Granville Browne. A Year Amongst the Persians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1927. [First published A & C Black, Ltd., 1893].

Juan R. I. Cole, Modernity and the Millennium : The Genesis of the Baha'i Faith in the Nineteenth-Century Middle East. Columbia University Press, 1998. Review. Especially insightful of Baha'u'llah's response to the tension between traditional Islam and modernity. Observes that the Baha'i administration has increasingly come under the control of fundamentalists, "stressing scriptural literalism . . . theocracy, censorship, intellectual intolerance, and denying key democratic values" (196). (Other important articles by Professor Cole are available on his academic website, two of which are below.)

Professor Juan Cole, "The Baha'i Faith in America as Panopticon, 1963-1997": The Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Volume 37, No. 2 (June 1998): 234-248.

Professor Juan Cole, "Fundamentalism in the Contemporary U.S. Baha'i Community,"  Religious Studies Review, Vol. 43, no. 3 (March, 2002):195-217.

Sen McGlinn. Church and State: A postmodern political theology. Leiden, 2005. The Appendix contains Mr. McGlinn's translation of Abdul-Baha's "Sermon on the Art of Governance," regarding the separation of church and state. Juan Cole has also translated the same document as "A Treatise on Leadership." Review.

William Garlington. The Bahai Faith in America. Praeger. 2005. c.221p. bibliog. index. ISBN 0-275-98413-3.  "Vocal and liberal Baha'is of the type mentioned in this study appear to be an ever-decreasing minority" (184).

Abul Fazl Gulpaygan, The Brilliant Proof, 1912.


Reform Bahai Press

The Universal Principles of the Reform Bahai Faith. Baha'u'llah & Abdul-Baha.

Letters from the American Desert: Signposts of a Journey, A Vision.